Development / Construction

Overview
The New Development and Construction Controls section of the County Watershed Program (CWP) is responsible for overseeing new development projects in the county, and ensuring that they minimize impacts to water quality, both during project construction and for the life of the projects.

Development
Stormwater regulations require that new development projects incorporate features that control stormwater runoff to reduce the quantity of pollutants introduced into the storm drain system and our waterways. These features are designed to remove pollutants from stormwater runoff, and to slow the rate of stormwater flow.
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Provision C.3 of the county’s NPDES permit sets specific standards requiring projects that trigger certain thresholds to install Stormwater Management Facilities that are sized according to specific criteria. 

Projects creating and/or replacing at least 10,000 square feet of impervious surface are required to implement Stormwater Management Facilities that are designed and sized to provide treatment to remove pollutants from stormwater runoff.* 

Projects creating and/or replacing at least 1 acre (43,560 square feet) of impervious surface must design their stormwater management facilities to provide both stormwater treatment and flow control functions (in order to maintain pre-project runoff volumes and durations.)* In addition to treating stormwater runoff, these projects control the volume and rate at which runoff is released so that it does not contribute to erosion in waterways.

*  Please note that these are simplified descriptions of the applicability of C.3.  For more detail refer to Stormwater C.3 Update (January 2010).

Stormwater C.3 Guidebook

C.3 Guidebook:
http://www.cccleanwater.org/Publications/Guidebook/Stormwater_C3_Guidebook_4th_Edition_9-10-08.pdf

The following memo summarized changes to 4th edition: http://www.cccleanwater.org/Publications/Guidebook/ActItemASept08.pdf

Supplement to 4th edition (containing additional guidance on IMP sizing, and new IMP design configurations):
http://www.cccleanwater.org/Publications/Guidebook/October2009Supplement.pdf

Appendix B to the C.3 Guidebook (contains soils, planting, and irrigation guidance for bioretention C.3 facilities):
http://www.cccleanwater.org/Publications/Guidebook/AppendixB_1-21-09_xc3-17-09.pdf

IMP Calculator

Released October 2009.  Consistent with the 5th Edition.  You can find the IMP sizing calculator (installer and setup file) download via Contra Costa County Clean Water Program website: 
http://www.cccleanwater.org/c3-guidebook.html

Individual Stormwater Management (treatment and/or flow-control) Facilities (SMFs)are also referred to as IMPs (Integrated Management Practices).  The Contra Costa Clean Water Program has created a free computer program, the IMP Sizing Calculator, to facilitate preparers of Stormwater Control Plans in the design and sizing of IMPs.

If you have a compelling reason to continue to use the old version of the IMP Calculator for a project that is currently in process, you may contact David Swartz, Watershed Management Planning Specialist, at (925) 313-2281, to request assistance in obtaining a copy of the older version, if it is appropriate for your project (i.e. your project is nearly complete and has used the "old" IMP Sizing Calculator.)

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Construction
During the construction process there are many ways that sediment and other pollutants can be mobilized and carried into the storm drain system and our natural waterways.

Construction projects are required to implement erosion and sediment control Best Management Practices (BMPs) to ensure that sediment (dirt, soil, mud, or sand) and chemicals stay on the site instead of being carried by stormwater into the storm drain system. Some of these BMPs are as simple as planting grass on disturbed soils to keep the soil in place.  Other BMPs that must be implemented during the construction process include properly storing chemicals on the site to ensure that they are not allowed to come in contact with stormwater.

For projects that disturb at least one acre of land (43,560 square feet) a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) is required. This document shows what BMPs are planned on site to prevent erosion and to minimize discharge of sediment and chemicals into the storm drain system. 

SWPPPs are "living documents" that are modified as the construction process proceeds. As a project progresses through different phases the SWPPP is updated with appropriate BMPs for that phase of the project. Changes are also made when experience indicates that use of different BMPs would be more effective.

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