The decennial Census is mandated by the Constitution to determine the number of Representative each State gets in the U.S. House of Representatives. Census data ensure our political representation reflects the US population and is the foundation of our representative democracy.
The Census is also used to determine the distribution of billions of dollars for the next decade. It is estimated that for every person missed, state and local agencies loose $2,000/year.
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In March 2020, your household will receive an invitation to participate in the Census. You'll have three options to respond: online, by phone, or by mail. Census Day is April 1, 2020.
To ensure a complete and accurate count, the Census Bureau counts people at their usual residence, which is the place where they live and sleep most of the time, with a few exceptions. People who do not have a usual residence should be counted where they are on Census Day (April 1, 2020).
The Census Bureau has special procedures to count people who live in more complex situations, including: